Doing your own research

This is not an exhaustive list of resources, but examples of films, books, podcasts and artists that we have found helpful when thinking through the ideas that form this project. If there’s anything you think we have missed, email us at [email protected].

Websites & Databases

Litfest reading list -

Lancaster Black History Group -

Runaway Slaves in Britain -

Legacies of British Slavery -

Slave Voyages -

British Newspaper Archive -

Lancashire County Council Archives -

Family Tree Search -

Non-fiction Books

Olaudah Equiano - The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, 1789

Frederick Douglass - Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1845)

Harriet Jacobs - Incidents in the Life of Slave Girl, 1861

Walter Rodney - How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, 1972

Benedict Anderson - Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, 1983

Audre Lorde - The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House, 1983

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o - Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature, 1986

Melinda Elder - The Slave Trade and the Economic Development of 18th Century Lancaster, 1992

Paul Gilroy - The Black Atlantic, 1993

bell hooks - Art on my mind: visual politics, 1995

Gretchen Gerzina - Black England: A Forgotten Georgian Past, 1995

Richard Dyer - White: Essays on Race and Culture, 1997

Alan Rice - Radical Narratives of the Black Atlantic, 2003

Alan Rice - Creating Memorials, Building Identities: The Politics of Memory in the Black Atlantic, 2010

David Olusuga - Black and British: A Forgotten History, 2016

Reni Eddo-Lodge - Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, 2017

Afua Hirsch - Brit(ish): On Race, Identity and Belonging, 2018

Akala - Natives: Race, Class and the Ruins of Empire, 2018

Robin DiAngelo - White Fragility, 2018

Jason W. Moore & Raj Patel - A History of the World in 7 Cheap Things, 2018 

Alan Rice - Inside the Invisible: Memorialising Slavery and Freedom in the Life and Works of Lubaina Himid, 2019

Olivette Otele - African Europeans: an Untold History, 2020

Dan Hicks - The Brutish Museums: The Benin Bronzes, Colonial Violence and Cultural Restitution, 2020

Alice Procter - The Whole Picture: The colonial story of the art in our museums & why we need to talk about it, 2020

Richard Atkinson - Mr Atkinson’s Rum Contract: The Story of a Tangled Inheritance, 2020

Imogen Tyler - Stigma: The Machinery of Inequality, 2020

Paterson Joseph - The Secret Diaries of Charles Ignatius Sancho, 2022

Thomas Harding - White Debt: The Demerara Uprising and Britain’s Legacy of Slavery, 2022


Chinua Achebe - Things Fall Apart, 1958

James Baldwin - If Beale Street Could Talk, 1974

Octavia Butler - Kindred, 1979

Alice Walker - The Colour Purple, 1982

Toni Morrison - Beloved, 1987

Jane Harris - Sugar Money, 2017

Lola Jaye - The Attic Child, 2022


Stuart Hall - Constituting the Archive, Third Text, 2001 -

Alan Rice - Naming the money and unveiling the crime: contemporary British artists and the memorialization of slavery and abolition, Patterns and Prejudice, 2007, 

Peju Layiwola - Making Meaning From a Fragmented Past: 1897 and the Creative Process, Open Access Arts, 2014 -

David Olusoga - The history of British slave ownership has been buried: now its scale can be revealed, The Guardian, 2015 -

Dr Desha A Osbourne - Facing Our Past: the difficult history of mahogany, National Trust for Scotland, 2021 - 

Paul Lashmar and Jonathan Smith - ‘My forefathers did something horribly wrong’: British slave owners’ family to apologise and pay reparations, The Guardian, 2023 -

Gary Younge - 'Lest We Remember - How Britain Buried its History of Slavery', The Guardian -

The Guardian - Cotton Captial

Films & TV 

Stuart Hall, It Ain’t Half Racist Mum (1979)

Jemima + Johnny (1966)

Spike Lee, Do the Right Thing, (1989)

Maureen Blackwood, Home Away From Home (1993)

Lee Mun Wah, The Color of Fear (1994)

Oil in Our Creeks (2018)

Onyeka Igwe, A So-Called Archive (2020)

Steve McQueen, Small Axe (2020)  

Afua Hirsch, African Renaissance: When Art Meets Power (2020) 

Subnormal: A British Scandal (2021) 


Astrid Madimba and Chinny Ukata, It's a Continent,

Moya Lothian-McClean, Human Resources,

The Wonder House, Decolonising the Archives with Arike Oke

Subhadra Das, Bricks + Mortals,

The Urban Political - Episode 39 – The Urban Hinterlands of Slavery -

Stigma Conversations -


As the history that we learn today has largely been recorded from the point of view of white Europeans, the voices of enslaved Africans and their ancestors have often been sidelined. There are many artists who have used their creative practice to navigate their experience of the legacies of slavery and the global inequalities rooted within this. Here are some examples. 

El Anatsui 

Bruce Onobrakpeya

Cheri Samba

George Osodi 

Yinka Shonibare

Sonia Boyce

Lubaina Himid

Hew Locke

Ingrid Pollard

Jade Monsterrat

Claudette Johnson 

Romauld Hazoume

Chris Ofili

Jacob Lawrence

Fabrice Monteiri

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo